ORIGINS OF LINGUISTIC PHILOSOPHY
The article is devoted to one of the debatable problems of philosophy – the problem of the emergence and existence of analytic philosophy, more precisely, one of its directions, linguistic philosophy. The authors represent a brief analysis of the history of the origin of linguistic philosophy. The debatable and innovative views of the outstanding philosophers on the necessity for the existence of linguistic philosophy, its goals, tasks, methods are disclosed. The works of the philosophers-analysts on the genesis of linguistic philosophy are analysed. The analysis has been based both on the primary sources, and on the data of the subsequent studies. Studying the materials shows that in the current direction of modern philosophy there are a large number of contentious issues. The paper also makes an attempt to reveal the origin and background of the term “linguistic turn”. The problem is very important for disclosing the essence of linguistic philosophy. The obtained results indicate that the problem of the necessity of the existence of linguistic philosophy requires further research and deeper studying. linguistic philosophy has been characterized by the desire to enrich the analytical philosophical methodological apparatus by developing a theory of meaning and referring to other philosophical traditions (historical, hermeneutical). As linguistic and analytic philosophies are increasingly conscious of the inseparability of analytical and linguistic philosophical thinking, not only from its origins, but also from the traditions of continental European philosophy and linguistics. Nowadays it is necessary to talk about a new, unifying, “converging” philosophy, the key issues of which are the problems of man and his role in cognition and activity, the importance of intensional concepts within the framework of modern language theory, the role of the language community in cognition.
Key words: analytic philosophy; genesis; linguistic turn; linguistic philosophy; philosophers-analysts
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